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309th Observation Squad, United States Air Corps Reserve, Indiana aerial photograph collection

Identifier: P069

Scope and Contents

This collection includes black-and-white aerial photogrographs from 309th Observation Squadron of the United States Air Corps Reserve in Indiana ranging from 1931 to 1936 regarding counties and Civilian Conservation Corps company sites around the state. Photographs are stamped with the squadron's information and include the pilot's name and the date.


  • 1931-1936

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Historical Note

The 309th Observation Squadron was constituted as part of the U.S. Army Air Corps Organized Reserves on June 24, 1921, assigned to the 84th Division, and allotted to the Fifth Corps Area. While Cleveland, Ohio was first named as its headquarters, the squadron was actually organized on November 13, 1922 at Schoen Field, Fort Benjamin Harrison in Indianapolis, Indiana. Notable commanders of the squadron were World War I ace Major H. Weir Cook (May 1929 to February 1931), Captain George W. Vawter (August 1933-December 1934), and Major Charles E. Cox, Jr. (July 1935-July 1938). On October 1, 1933, the squadron was reassigned to the 317th Observation Group (XV Corps) and consolidated on November 24, 1936 with the 309th Aero Squadron (Service). The squadron was disbanded on May 31, 1942. The squadron's symbol was a horned owl standing on a propeller.


"Carl B. Jordan--Port Charlotte, FL." RUPANEWS 9, no. 3(March 2007): 25. Accessed April 26, 2021.

Clay, Steven E. US Army Order of Battle: The Services: Air Service, Engineers, and Special Troops, 1919-41. Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute Press, 2010. Accessed April 26, 2021.


0.3 Cubic Feet (1 manuscript box)

Language of Materials



This collection is arranged by county.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation and later transferred from the General Photograph Collection in 2018 August.


No further additions are expected.

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2021/04/26 by Brittany Kropf. EAD finding aid created 2021/04/26 by Brittany Kropf.
309th Observation Squad, United States Air Corps Reserve, Indiana aerial photograph collection
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.