Scope and Contents
This collection contains a scrapbook that is a compilation of Civil War era envelopes, envelope artwork, and travel passes. The materials were created between 1861 and 1863, the scrapbook was compiled by an unknown creator at an unknown date.
Conditions Governing Use
Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.
"Publication of Civil War envelopes began as early as the mid-1850's, when north-south divisions began to take shape, but ended prior to the war's conclusion because most believed that it was too indulgent and expensive to continue production in a time of war...The subjects illustrated on these envelopes varied from the Stars and Bars of the Confederacy, to caricatures of important war heroes." Source: "Civil War envelopes", The American Antiquarian Society, Accessed August 15, 2019, https://www.americanantiquarian.org/cwenvelopes.htm. "The volume of mail ticked upward with letters to distant homes, and when it was time to send a letter, soldiers and civilians alike reached for a new kind of envelope, freshly printed and decorated with red and blue flags, delicate engravings of eagles, poems about the girl left behind, or the faces of generals, whom people at home might never have seen...These patterns range from simple flags and mottos to macabre revenge fantasies, with the hanged bodies of Southern generals lining the road to Washington."
Source: Greenwood, Veronique, "Civil War Envelopes Are Works of Art—And Propaganda", National Geographic, December 10, 2015. Accessed August 15, 2019. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/12/151210-civil-war-envelopes-art-propaganda-artifacts/
Travel passes were issued during the Civil War by the United States military to soldiers or citizens to allow them to enter into specific camps or territories with permission.