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Union Rifles Company collection

 Collection — Folder: S1785
Identifier: S1785

Scope and Contents

This collection includes several documents of the Union Rifles Company of Terre Haute, Indiana, including a list of men who paid $25.00 and signed the constitution of the Union Rifles and those that had paid but had not signed (November 1861); receipts for payments made to John H. Barr, Rufus St. John, J. N. Silverthorn, and J. M. McCosky (December 1861); and a muster roll listing 3 officers, 9 non-commissioned officers, and 58 privates (circa 1862).


  • 1861-1862

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Historical Note

An act passed by the Indiana General Assembly on May 11, 1861 authorized the organization of the Indiana Legion to serve as the state's active militia. Between 1861 to 1865, some 700 companies were raised in almost every county. The primary responsibilities of the legion were to protect the state from an invasion by Confederate forces, aid in recruiting, and to help enforce state laws.

The Union Rifles Company of Terre Haute was established in the fall of 1861. On July 18, 1862, Newburgh, Indiana was raided by a small group of Confederate sympathizers lead by Confederate Colonel Adam Rankin Johnson. The Union Rifles, under the command of Captain Melville D. Topping, were mustered in for 30 days service as part of the 76th Indiana Regiment and were sent to Kentucky to drive out rebels endangering the Indiana border.


Indiana Historical Bureau. "Indiana Legion." Hoosier Voices Now. Accessed April 16, 2020.

Terrell, William Henry Harrison. Indiana In the War of the Rebellion: Report of the Adjutant General. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau, 1960.

[The following testimonial from Major General Love]. Daily Wabash Express (Terre Haute, Ind.), August 4, 1862.


0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



This collection is arranged chronologically.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation from Bennanne Twigg on 2013/03/21.


No further additions are expected.

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2020/04/16 by Laura Eliason. EAD finding aid created 2020/04/16 by Laura Eliason.
Union Rifles Company collection
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.