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Elwood Haynes biography

 Collection — Folder: S0660
Identifier: S0660

Scope and Contents

This collection includes typed copies from Bernice Haynes Hillis and various biographical sources in Indiana and other states ranging from 1912 to 1927 regarding Elwood Haynes.


  • 1912-1927


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Biographical Note

Bernice Haynes Hillis is the daughter of Elwood Haynes, a Hoosier inventor and constructor of the oldest horseless carriage in existence. She was born to Elwood and Bertha Haynes on December 17, 1896 and had one brother. She married Glen Raymond Hillis on November 10, 1920 in Howard County, Indiana. Bernice and Glen had four children. She died on June 26, 1976 and is buried in the Kokomo Memorial Park, in Kokomo, Indiana.


"Haynes, Bernice." 1920 United States Federal Census. Retrieved 2014/05/29.

"Haynes, Bernice." Indiana, Marriage Collection, 1800-1941. Retrieved 2014/05/29.

"Hillis, Bernice Haynes." 1940 United States Federal Census. Retrieved 2014/05/29.

"Hillis, Bernice Haynes." Find a Grave Memorial. Retrieved 2014/05/29.

"Hillis, Bernice Haynes." U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-Current. Retrieved 2014/05/29.

Biographical Note

Elwood Haynes was born October 14, 1857, in Portland, Indiana, to Jacob March and Hilinda (Haines) Haynes. He attended school at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Worcester, Massachusetts, and at Johns Hopkins University, studying chemistry and biology. After teaching school in Indiana for a few years, Haynes joined the Portland Natural Gas and Oil Company during the Gas Boom. He moved to Kokomo, Indiana, in 1892, and began work on an automobile after watching his horse struggle to navigate inadequate rural roads. The first successful test of his invention, which is considered either the first or the second American automobile, was on July 4, 1894, outside Kokomo.

A life-long inventor, Haynes also created a type of stainless steel as well as other alloys. He married Bertha B. Lanterman on October 21, 1887, and they had two children. Haynes died April 13, 1925 in Kokomo.


0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder )

Language of Materials



This collection is arranged chronologically.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation.


No further additions are expected.

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2014/05/29 by Edythe Huffman. EAD finding aid created 2014/05/29 by Edythe Huffman.
Elwood Haynes biography
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.