Skip to main content

Tolerance, "Exposure of 12,208 Ku Klux in Marion County, Indiana" newspaper

 Collection — Folder: OB076
Identifier: OB076

Scope and Contents

This collection contains a June 6, 1932 issue of the newspaper, Tolerance, in which the membership roll of the Marion County Ku Klux Klan was exposed in print.


  • 1923/06/06

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Administrative History

"The United Klans of America Inc. (UKA), based in Alabama, was one of the largest Ku Klux Klan organizations in the United States. Led by Robert Shelton, the UKA peaked in membership in the late 1960s and 1970s, and it was the most violent Klan organization of its time. Its headquarters was the Anglo-Saxon Club outside Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

The organization was linked to the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, that killed four young girls; the murder of Viola Liuzzo near Selma in 1965, and the lynching of teenager Michael Donald in Mobile in 1981. Because of murder charges and convictions, some of the UKA’s most well-known members included Thomas E. Blanton, Jr., Bobby Frank Cherry, Herman Cash, Robert Chambliss, Bennie Hays, Henry Hays, and James Knowles. Robert Shelton died at the age of 73 in 2003 in Tuscaloosa from a heart attack.

In 1987 the UKA was sued for civil damages stemming from the murder of Michael Donald; the damages awarded by the jury bankrupted the organization. Many former members of the group now purportedly belong to other Ku Klux Klan organizations such as The True Ku Klux Klan."


Wikipedia. "United Klans of America." Last modified April 2, 2018. Accessed April 19, 2018.

Historical Note

Tolerance was a weekly newspaper created and published by the American Unity League, a Roman Catholic organization in Chicago, Illinois. The American Unity League printed names, addresses, and occupations of Klansmen across the United States during 1922-1925. This special edition was published on June 6, 1923 for Indianapolis residents of Marion County, Indiana. The edition exposed over 12,000 members and organizations affiliated with the Ku Klux Klan.


0.05 Cubic Feet (1 medium oversize folder)

Language of Materials



This collection consists of one item.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a records transfer from the Archives of the Archdiocese of Indianapolis on 2019/08/29.


No further additions are expected.

Existence and Location of Copies

The digitized collection is available online in the ISL Digital Collections (

Processing Information

Collection processing completed by 2021/10/18 Lauren Patton. EAD finding aid created 2018/10/18 by Lauren Patton. EAD finding aid revised 2021/10/19 by Brittany Kropf.
Tolerance, "Exposure of 12,208 Ku Klux in Marion County, Indiana" newspaper
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.