Marshal Foch Day photograph collection
Scope and Contents
- 1921/11/04, undated
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Foch continued to rise steadily through the ranks, receiving promotions to lieutenant-colonel in 1898, colonel in 1903, and général de brigade in 1907. As a colonel, he served as regimental commander of the 35th Artillery Regiment (35e R.A) at Vannes and as général de brigade, he took command of the French War College, holding the position until 1911 when he was appointed général de division. In 1914, Foch took command of XX Corps at Nancy, and he had held this appointment for exactly one year when he led XX Corps into battle in August 1914 after World War I broke out. Commander-in-Chief Joffre then gave Foch command of the Ninth Army to impede the German invasion from Belgium and which won the Battle of the Marne under Foch's leadership. Four days after the Marne, Foche received word of the deaths of his son Germain amd son-in-law Paul Becourt. In 1915, Foch as given command of the Northery Army Group but heavy losses during the Artois Offensive and Battle of the Somme led to his removal from command. Joffre sent him to command Allied units on the Italian front, right before Joffre himself was fired from his position. Foch was relegated to advisory and study missions for a time, but his appointment as chief of the General Staff in 1917 returned him to a position of influence. After the launch of the great German offensive on March 21, 1918, Foch became the French commander-in-chief in April, gradually gaining command of the Allied forces, and was awarded the rank of marshal of France on August 6th. The Allies won the war before the end of the year and armistice was signed on November 11, 1918. Foch was hailed as a hero and celebrated by the Allies, which included his 1921 visit to the United States.
Foch was considered by many to be the most original military mind of his generation, especially after World War I. Collections of his lectures were published as Des Principes de la Guerre (On the Principles of War) in 1903, and De la Conduite de la Guerre (On the Conduct of War) in 1904. He died in Paris on March 10, 1929 and was buried at Les Invalides near Napoleon's tomb.
Ancestry.com. "Ferdinand Foch." Paris, France and Vicinity Marriage Banns, 1860-1902. Accessed December 10, 2021. http://www.ancestrylibrary.com.
"Ferdinand Foch." Historic World Leaders. Gale Research, 1994. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale, 2006.
Findagrave.com. "Ferdinand Foch." Find A Grave Memorial. Accessed December 10, 2021. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/5607/ferdinand-foch.
Wikipedia. "Ferdinand Foch." Wikipedia.org. Accessed December 10, 2021. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Foch.
Items in the collection.
"Foch Attended Corner Stone Services for Legion Building." Indianapolis Star, March 31, 1929, 9. Accessed December 9, 2021. ProQuest.
Groome, Richard G. "Marshal Foch Day." In Encyclopedia of Indianapolis, 1994. Revised February 2021. Accessed December 9, 2021. https://indyencyclopedia.org/marshal-foch-day-nov-4-1921.
0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)
Language of Materials
- American Legion
- Dedication to public use
- Foch, Ferdinand, 1851-1929
- Hearne, Eddie, 1887-1955
- Indiana Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (Indianapolis, Ind.)
- Indianapolis (Ind.)
- Jewett, Charles W., 1884-1961
- McCray, Warren T. (Warren Terry), 1865-1938
- Monument Circle (Indianapolis, Ind.)
- Public speaking
- Rites and ceremonies
- World War, 1914-1918
- Marshal Foch Day photograph collection
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description