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Henry W. Lawton statue dedication photographs

 Collection — Folder: SP106
Identifier: SP106

Scope and Contents

This collection includes 3 black-and-white photographs related to the dedication of the Henry W. Lawton statue in Indianapolis, Indiana on May 30, 1907. Two of the images are from the dedication of the statue in front of the old Marion County Courthouse, one showing James Whitcomb Riley reading poetry to the crowd below. There is also a photograph of the prominent attendees, including President Theodore Roosevelt, gathered at Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks' house. This image is a copy of an original taken by C. F. Bretzman and lists all of the 37 attendees in the photograph.

Dates

  • 1907/05/30

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Biographical Note

Henry Ware Lawton was born March 17, 1843 to George W. and Catherine (Daley) Lawton in Maumee, Ohio. The family moved to Fort Wayne, Indiana that year so his father could work in a mill there. In 1858, Lawton attended the old Methodist Episcopal College in Fort Wayne until the outbreak of the U.S. Civil War. In 1860, he was living with his uncle David Lawton in Fort Wayne. In April 1861, Lawton enlisted in Company E of the 9th Indiana Regiment and was mustered into service on April 24, 1861 as a sergeant, thus beginning an illustrious career in the U.S. Army. Later he served in Company A of the 30th Indiana Regiment. By the end of the war, he attained the rank of brevet colonel. Lawton then studied at Harvard Law School for a year before rejoining the army, with a 2nd lieutenant's commission. He married Mamie Craig (1855–1934) in December 1881 in Oldham, Kentucky and they had several children: Annie (1884-1887), Manley C. (1887–1960), Frances (1887–1960), Catherine M. (1890–1923), and Louise (1892–1961).

Lawton attained the rank of captain in 1879 and participated in several conflicts with Native Americans in the western United States, which included the pursuit and return of Geronimo and his Apache band from Mexico to the United States in 1886. Lawton swiftly rose in the ranks to major and then colonel by the end of the decade. In 1898, he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers in command of the 2nd Division, Fifth Army Corps and his troops headed the invasion of Cuba during the the Spanish-American War in June. By October, despite suffering from malaria, the new major general left Cuba and returned to the United States where he began preparing for deployment to the Philippines. Lawton was given command of the 1st Division of Eighth Army Corps and sent to the Philippines to fight in the Philippines-American War in February 1899. Lawton died in the Battle of Paye on December 17, 1899. After being transported back to the United States, he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery on February 3, 1900.

Sources:

Ancestry.com. "Henry W. Lawton." 1860 United States Federal Census. Accessed November 5, 2021. http://www.ancestrylibrary.com.

Ancestry.com. "Henry W. Lawton." 1870 United States Federal Census. Accessed November 5, 2021. http://www.ancestrylibrary.com.

Ancestry.com. "Henry Ware Lawton." Kentucky, U.S., County Marriage Records, 1783-1965. Accessed November 5, 2021. http://www.ancestrylibrary.com.

Ancestry.com. "Henry Ware Lawton." U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865. Accessed November 5, 2021. http://www.ancestrylibrary.com.

Ancestry.com. "Henry W. Lawton." Web: Indiana, U.S., Civil War Soldier Database Index, 1861-1865. Accessed November 5, 2021. http://www.ancestrylibrary.com.

Ancestry.com. "Manley C. Lawton." U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007. Accessed November 5, 2021. http://www.ancestrylibrary.com.

Findagrave.com. "Henry Ware Lawton." Find A Grave Memorial. Accessed November 5, 2021. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/6052434/henry-ware-lawton.

"Lawton, Greatest Hero of Indiana." Indianapolis Star, May 26, 1907, 17. Accessed November 5, 2021. ProQuest.

Wikipedia. "Henry Ware Lawton." Wikipedia.org. Accessed November 05, 2021. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Ware_Lawton.

Historical Note

President Theodore Roosevelt arrived in Indianapolis, Indiana on May 30, 1907 and traveled by carriage through the city in a procession to the home of his vice president, Charles Fairbanks, for a luncheon where he met with several local public figures such as authors Meredith Nicholson and James Whitcomb Riley, politicians Governor Hanly, Thomas Taggart, Albert J. Beveridge, Harry S. New, Jesse Overstreet, and more.

That afternoon, members of the party attended the dedication of the Henry W. Lawton statue in front of the old Marion County Courthouse. Roosevelt gave a well-received speech to a crowd of 40,000 to 60,000 people in front of the Marion County Courthouse, along with governor, and Riley read his poem, "The Home Voyage." Lawton's widow and daughters attended the event.

The Lawton statue, sculpted by Andrew O’Connor in 1906, was later moved and rededicated in the Sunken Garden Garfield Park in 1915.

Sources:

Arts Council of Indianapolis. "Henry Lawton Monument." Indy Arts Guide. Accessed November 5, 2021. https://www.indyartsguide.org/public-art/henry-lawton-monument.

"City Gives Executive Chief Rousing Welcome and Pays Soldier Tribute." Indianapolis Star, May 31, 1907, 1, 3. Accessed November 5, 2021. ProQuest.

"Lawton, Greatest Hero of Indiana." Indianapolis Star, May 26, 1907, 17. Accessed November 5, 2021. ProQuest.

"London Will Honor Sculptor Whose Statue of Gen. Lawton Stands Here." Indianapolis Star, May 26, 1931, 3. Accessed November 5, 2021. ProQuest.

Extent

0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials

English

Arrangement

This collection is arranged by subject.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation.

Accruals

No further additions are expected.

Existence and Location of Originals

Original of one photograph may be found in the following collection:

OP0: General oversize photograph collection, under People - Roosevelt, Theodore. Digital copy available online: https://indianamemory.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p16066coll13/id/3497/rec/1

Related Materials

Materials relating to this collection may be found in the following collections in Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN:

SP151: Theodore Roosevelt in Indiana photographs

SP014: English family photograph collection

OP0: General oversize photograph collection *People--Roosevelt, Theodore: Theodore Roosevelt and gathering at Charles W. Fairbanks home, 1907 *Indianapolis Buildings: Theodore Roosevelt dedication of Lawton monument, 1907

OBC197: Theodore Roosevelt, Civil War General Henry Lawton statue dedication, hand-colored photograph

OBE011: Lois York oversize collection

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2021/11/05 by Brittany Kropf. EAD finding aid revised 2021/11/05 by Brittany Kropf.
Title
Henry W. Lawton statue dedication photographs
Status
Completed
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

Contact:
140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.
317-232-3671