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Disturbance at the Potawatomi payment at Chippewanaung, Indiana collection

 Collection — Folder: S3072
Identifier: S3072

Scope and Contents

This collection contains handwritten copies made by H. Parke of Mount Vernon, Indiana of correspondence relating to the disturbance that occurred at the annuity payment to the Potawatomi at Chippewanaung, Fulton County, Indiana. Correspondence from September 24 and 25, 1836 includes messages sent by Col. Abel C. Pepper, George W. Ewing, and Spier S. Tipton. The collection also contains copies of the muster rolls and schedule of accounts for the Logansport Guard, the Logansport Dragoons, and the Peru Volunteers (October, 1837); a February 10, 1837 letter sent by George W. Ewing to Brigadier General Jacob Walker; a handwritten, certified copy of a deposition given by Cyrus Taber on June 21, 1837 regarding the disturbance at Chippewanaung; and a June 23, 1837 thank you letter sent by John W. Edmonds to Ebenezer Ward, William Polke, S.S. Tipton, and others.


  • 1836-1837

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Historical Note

The Potawatomi people are Native Americans of the Algonquian language family. They originally resided on lands around the Great Lakes region, including what is now Northern Indiana. On September 23, 1836, nineteen chiefs, headmen, and warriors of the Wabash Potawatomi signed a treaty ceding all their remaining land in Indiana. The treaty was concluded at Chippewanaung near Rochester, Indiana and was facilitated by Indian agent Col. Abel C. Pepper. On September 24th, a riot broke out before payment of the annuity could be made to the Indians and Col. Pepper requested three companies of militia from the 78th Regiment of the Indiana militia. George W. Ewing, commander of the 78th Regiment, requisitioned the Logansport Guards under the command of Capt. Spier S. Tipton, the Logansport Dragoons commanded by Captain G. N. Fitch, and the Peru Volunteers under the command of Capt. Alvin M. Higgins. The troops returned to their homes by October 1st. In June, 1837, United States' Commissioner John W. Edmonds conducted an inquiry into the cause and origin of the difficulties that occurred at Chippewanaung. The following year the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from Indiana and taken to reservation land in Kansas. The removal began on September 4, 1838, and is today known as the Potawatomi Trail of Death.


Information found within collection.

Edmonds, J.W. Report of J.W. Edmonds, United States' Commissioner, Upon the Disturbance at the Potawatamie Payment: September, 1836. New York: Scatcherd & Adams, 1837. Accessed January 12, 2018.

Fixico, Donald L. , ed. Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 2007. Accessed January 12, 2018.

"The Trail of Death." The History Museum. Accessed January 12, 2018.


0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



This collection is arranged chronologically.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation.


No further additions are expected.

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2018/01/18 by Laura Eliason. EAD finding aid created 2018/01/12 by Laura Eliason.
Disturbance at the Potawatomi payment at Chippewanaung, Indiana collection
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Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.