Seneca-Shawnee Indian census document
Scope and Contents
- circa 1817-1831
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In 1817, the Ohio Shawnee signed the Treaty of Fort Meigs, gave up their remaining lands in exchange for three reservations in Wapaughkonetta, Hog Creek (near Lima today) and Lewistown, Ohio. Soon thereafter, a mixed band of Seneca and Shawnee formed near Lewiston, Ohio under the leadership of a Seneca chief, Civil John (Me-tho-mea or Mesomea). At one time, the group totalled 250 people and 162 horses. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 strong-armed the Shawnee and other Native American tribes to move west of the Mississippi River. In 1831, the Seneca-Shawnee band ceded their land in Ohio for land within the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory (modern-day Oklahoma).
Items in the collection.
Hamlin-Wilson, Gail, Donald Ricky, and Nancy K. Capace. Encyclopedia of Indiana Indians: Tribes, Nations and People of the Woodlands Areas. (St. Clair Shores, MI: Somerset, 1998), 117, 128, 240-242.
Kapper, Charles J., ed. "Treaty with the Wyandot, etc., September 8, 1815." Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, vol. 2, pp. 117-119. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1904. Accessed July 25, 2015. http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/wya0117.htm.
Smith, Pamela A. "Shawnee, Eastern." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed July 25, 2015. http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=SH018.
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- Seneca-Shawnee Indian census document
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