Skip to main content

Indiana and Illinois boundary collection

 Collection — Folder: S1490
Identifier: S1490

Scope and Contents

This collection contains photostats of letters copied from the General Land Office (GLO) records regarding the building of a monument at Lake Michigan to mark the Indiana-Illinois boundary line. Ranging from 1834 to 1838, the correspondence includes the following: Elijah Hayward, commissioner of the GLO, to Secretary of the Treasury R.B. (Roger B.) Taney - June 3, 1834; J.M.M. (John M. Moore), chief clerk of the GLO, to Surveyor General Micajah T. Williams at Cincinnati - September 29, 1834; Elijah Hayward to M.T. Williams - January 20, 1835; Jn M. Moore, chief clerk of the GLO, to John M. Robinson and John Tipton - February 23, 1835; Ethan A. Brown, commissioner of the GLO, to Samuel Williams, chief clerk of the Office of the Surveyor General at Cincinnati - April 15, 1836; Ethan A. Brown to Samuel Williams - June 7, 1836; Ethan A. Brown to Samule Williams - August 31, 1836; James Whitcomb, commissioner of the GLO, to Samuel Williams - June 6, 1837; and James Whitcomb to Surveyor General R.T. (Robert T.) Lytle at Cincinnati - February 5, 1838.

The collection also includes four typewritten pages of annotated notes of General Land Office records from 1827-1838 regarding Indiana borders (undated).


  • 1834-1838, undated


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Historical Note

The Northwest Territory was formed after the Revolutionary War and included land that is now the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota. The Northwest Ordinance was adopted by the Confederation Congress on July 13, 1787 and it established a government for the Territory and outlined the process for admitting a new state to the Union. The Indiana territory was established in 1800 and became a state in 1816. Illinois was organized as a territory in 1809 and became a state in 1818. On March 2, 1833, the 22nd Congress passed an act to "authorize the President of the United States to cause the public surveys to be connected with the line of demarcation between the states of Indiana and Illinois." It also authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to pay for the surveying. Created by an Act of Congress in 1812, the General Land Office was part of the Treasury Department and was in charge of surveying and the sale of public lands.


Bureau of Land Management. "Our Record Keeping History." General Land Office Records. Accessed April 4, 2018.|01_Our_Record_Keeping_History.

Library of Congress. "Northwest Ordinance." Primary documents in American History. Accessed April 4, 2018.

Library of Congress. "Statutes at Large: 22nd Congress." Accessed April 4, 2018.


0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



This collection is arranged chronologically.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation.


No further additions are expected.

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2018/04/05 by Laura Eliason. EAD finding aid created 2018/04/05 by Laura Eliason.
Indiana and Illinois boundary collection
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.