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Anthony Wayne collection

 Collection — Folder: S1376
Identifier: S1376
This collection includes a photostat of an autographed, hand-written, signed letter from Anthony J. Wayne in Detroit [military post] on September 5, 1796. He wrote to Major William Winstin [?]. Regarding the troop of dragoons just arrived, he received orders to send "them immediately to the frontiers of Georgia by the best and cheapest route." The photostat was created in 1916.

Dates

  • 1916

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Extent

0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Biographical Note

Anthony (a.k.a. Mad Anthony) Wayne was born Jan. 1, 1745 near Paoli, Pennsylvania to Isaac and Elizabeth Iddings Wayne. He had at least one sibling, Ann, who was born in 1740. He was trained as a surveyor. While working for Benjamin Franklin, he surveyed the land in Nova Scotia, Canada. He had at least one child, Colonel Isaac Wayne.

He raised a regiment, the 4th Pennsylvania, and was made its Colonel in 1776. Wayne was wounded at the Battle of Three Rivers and promoted to brigadier general in Feb. 1777. His troops at the Battle of Brandywine, Sept. 1777, suffered more casualties than any other American unit and he requested his own court martial. The Court of Inquiry unanimously found him not guilty of misconduct and he was acquitted with the highest honor. General Washington commended him at the Battle of Monmouth (N.J.) in 1779, and he was wounded in action at Stony Point (N.Y.) in 1770, earning a victory which led to Congressional resolutions praising his command. His nickname was earned because of his tactical boldness and personal courage in the field. Washington ordered him south in Feb. 1781, where he contributed to the British defeat at Yorktown, VA. He was promoted to major general in 1783. He served largely in Georgia, recovering that state and defeating the Indians allied to the British. Returning to PA after the war, he was elected to the state legislature in 1784. Elected in 1790 to the Georgia House of Representatives, Wayne served nearly two years before his seat was declared vacant because of election frauds. President Washington nominated him as Commander-in-Chief of the Army, which the Senate approved and he accepted in April 1792. In this role he won a major victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers (Ohio) in 1794, and in 1795 he negotiated the Treaty of Greenville, opening the Northwest Territory to settlers. Wayne built Fort Wayne at the junctions of St. Mary's and St. Joseph's Rivers,.

Wayne continued to serve until his death Dec. 15, 1796, from gout. His remains occupy two burial plots, the original one in Fort Presque Isle, Erie, Pennsylvania - Old St. David's Church (the flesh boiled from his bones), and his bones lie in the family plot in Pennsylvania, due to his son Colonel Isaac Wayne's orders in 1809.

Sources:

"Wayne, Anthony". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2018/05/18. www.britannica.com/print/article/638108

"Wayne, Anthony". Pennsylvania, Veterans Burial Cards, 1777-2012. Retrieved 2018/05/18. https://www.ancestrylibrary.com

"Wayne, Anthony "Mad Anthony"." Find a Grave Memorial. Retrieved 2018/05/18. https://www.findagrave.com

Arrangement

This collection is arranged by subject.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation.

Accruals

No further additions are expected.

Processing Information

Collection processing and finding aid completed by Edythe Huffman during May 2018. Additional information added by Nikki Stoddard Schofield on 2018/08/02.
Title
Anthony Wayne collection
Status
completed
Description rules
dacs

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

Contact:
140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.
317-232-3671