Anthony Wayne collection
- Wayne, Anthony, 1745-1796 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)
He raised a regiment, the 4th Pennsylvania, and was made its Colonel in 1776. Wayne was wounded at the Battle of Three Rivers and promoted to brigadier general in Feb. 1777. His troops at the Battle of Brandywine, Sept. 1777, suffered more casualties than any other American unit and he requested his own court martial. The Court of Inquiry unanimously found him not guilty of misconduct and he was acquitted with the highest honor. General Washington commended him at the Battle of Monmouth (N.J.) in 1779, and he was wounded in action at Stony Point (N.Y.) in 1770, earning a victory which led to Congressional resolutions praising his command. His nickname was earned because of his tactical boldness and personal courage in the field. Washington ordered him south in Feb. 1781, where he contributed to the British defeat at Yorktown, VA. He was promoted to major general in 1783. He served largely in Georgia, recovering that state and defeating the Indians allied to the British. Returning to PA after the war, he was elected to the state legislature in 1784. Elected in 1790 to the Georgia House of Representatives, Wayne served nearly two years before his seat was declared vacant because of election frauds. President Washington nominated him as Commander-in-Chief of the Army, which the Senate approved and he accepted in April 1792. In this role he won a major victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers (Ohio) in 1794, and in 1795 he negotiated the Treaty of Greenville, opening the Northwest Territory to settlers. Wayne built Fort Wayne at the junctions of St. Mary's and St. Joseph's Rivers,.
Wayne continued to serve until his death Dec. 15, 1796, from gout. His remains occupy two burial plots, the original one in Fort Presque Isle, Erie, Pennsylvania - Old St. David's Church (the flesh boiled from his bones), and his bones lie in the family plot in Pennsylvania, due to his son Colonel Isaac Wayne's orders in 1809.
"Wayne, Anthony". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2018/05/18. www.britannica.com/print/article/638108
"Wayne, Anthony". Pennsylvania, Veterans Burial Cards, 1777-2012. Retrieved 2018/05/18. https://www.ancestrylibrary.com
"Wayne, Anthony "Mad Anthony"." Find a Grave Memorial. Retrieved 2018/05/18. https://www.findagrave.com
- Anthony Wayne collection
- Description rules