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Caleb Blood Smith was born on April 16, 1808, in Boston, Massachusetts. His family
moved to Ohio in 1814. He graduated from Miami University of Ohio in 1827 and was
admitted to the bar in 1828. Smith began practicing law in Connersville, Indiana, where
he also founded and edited the Indiana Sentinel in 1832. He married Elizabeth B.
Watton in 1831, with whom he had three children. Smith served as a State
Representative (1833-1837, 1840-1841); U.S. Representative (1843-1849); Mexican
claims commissioner (1849-1851); and delegate to the Peace Commission in 1861. He
was appointed Secretary of the Interior by President Lincoln and held that office from
March 5, 1861 to January 1, 1863. Smith resigned the post to become U.S. District
judge for the District of Indiana. He continued in this position until his death on January
7, 1864, in Indianapolis, Indiana. He is buried in the City Cemetery in Connersville,
Shepherd, Rebecca A., Charles W. Calhoun, Elizabeth Shanahan-Shoemaker, and Alan F. January,
comp. A Biographical Directory of the Indiana General Assembly, Volume 1, 1816-1899. Indianapolis:
The Select Committee on the Centennial History of the Indiana General Assembly, 1980.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Nov. 2005.