John Tipton collection
Scope and Contents
Also included are Tipton’s journals of the Tippecanoe Expedition (1811), the Driftwood Expedition against the Native Americans along the White River (1812), his trip to locate the Owen County seat (1820), his trip to locate a site for the Indiana state capital (1820), his trip to mark the Indiana-Illinois boundary (1821), and his trip to Washington, D.C. with Miami and Potawatomi chiefs (1826). In addition, there are accounts of annuities and treaty provisions paid to the Indians; and receipts, contracts, accounts, and other papers relating to his personal business interests.
The collection also includes business papers and correspondence of his son, Spier S. Tipton (1814-1847), including papers relating to the settlement of John Tipton’s estate; correspondence regarding his personal business interests and Cass County politics; and letters from Spier’s half-brother, George T. Tipton, written while a student at Wabash College, Crawfordsville (1844-1846). Many of Tipton’s papers are published in The John Tipton Papers (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau, 1942. 3 vols.).
Correspondents include: William B. Astor, James Barbour, Joseph Bartholomew, Hervey Bates, Daniel R. Bearss, James Blake, Thomas H. Blake, Ratliff Boon, Jesse D. Bright, Bishop Simon Brute de Remur, John C. Calhoun, Israel T. Canby, Lewis Cass, Marston G. Clark, William Connor, John W. Davis, John D. Defrees, Charles Dewey, John B. Dillon, John Dowling, Thomas Dowling, Lyman C. Draper, George H. Dunn, John B. Duret, Isaac C. Elston, George W. Ewing, John Ewing, Thomas Ewing, Graham N. Fitch, Calvin Fletcher, Davis Floyd, Allen Hamilton, Hugh Hanna, Samuel Hanna, Edward A. Hannegan, William Henry Harrison, John Hays, William Hendricks, Edmond O. Hovey, Tilghman A. Howard, Elisha M. Huntington, Jonathan Jennings, Richard M. Johnson, General Washington Johnson, James F. Lanier, Jonathan McCarty, Nicholas McCarty, Isaac McCoy, Thomas L. McKenney, Pierre Menard, Samuel Merrill, Samuel Milroy, Austin W. Morris, Elias Murray, James Noble, Noah Noble, Benjamin Parke, Abel C. Pepper, John U. Pettit, William Polke, Thomas Posey, Daniel D. Pratt, James Rariden, James Brown Ray, James M. Ray, John B. Richardville, Joseph Richardville, Solon Robinson, William Rockhill, Samuel Sample, Oliver H. Smith, Jeremiah Sullivan, Cyrus Taber, Waller Taylor, John Test, Henry P. Thornton, Edward Tiffin, David Wallace, James Whitcomb, Albert S. White, William W. Wick, William Woodbridge.
- Tipton, John, 1786-1839 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
In 1806, he married his first cousin, Martha Shields (1791-1850), daughter of John Shields, with whom he had two children: Mathilda Stanly (1811–1827) and Spier Spencer (1814-1847). The couple divorced in 1816. Tipton then married Matilda Spencer (1807-1839) on August 11, 1825, daughter of Captain Spier Spencer, the namesake of his son from his previous marriage. The couple had three children: George T.(1828-1873), Harriet B. (1830-1887), and John, Jr. (1831-1861).
In 1823, he was appointed Indian agent for the Potawatomi and Miami tribes, and was ultimately responsible for the removal of the Potawatomi to Kansas in what became known as the “Trail of Death.” While serving as Indian agent, Tipton platted the city of Logansport in 1828.
In 1831, Tipton was elected to the United States Senate (Jacksonian), where he served on the Committee on Roads and Canals and the Committee on Indian Affairs. After declining to run for re-election due to his ill health, Tipton retired from the Senate on March 3, 1839 and died at his home in Logansport on April 5.
Items in the collection.
Findagrave.com. "John Tipton." Find a Grave. Accessed October 1, 2020. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/8349/john-tipton.
Robertson, Nellie Armstrong and Dorothy Riker, eds. The John Tipton Papers, vol. 1. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Bureau, 1942.
United States. "Tipton, John." Biographical Directory of the Library of Congress. Accessed 2012. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=T000284.
8.3 Cubic Feet (19 manuscript boxes)
Language of Materials
- Administration of estates
- Bearrs, Daniel, 1809-1884
- Boon, Ratliff, 1781-1844
- Bruté de Rémur, Simon William Gabriel, 1779-1839.
- Business records
- Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850
- Cass County (Ind.)
- Conner, William, 1777-1855
- Defrees, John D. (John Dougherty), 1810 or 1811-1882
- Ewing, George Washington, 1804-1866
- Family life
- Fletcher, Calvin 1798-1866
- Fort Wayne (Ind.)
- Freemasons -- Indiana
- Frontier and pioneer life
- Frontier and pioneer life -- Indiana
- Hamilton, Allen, 1798-1864
- Hannah, Samuel
- Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841
- Hendricks, William, 1782-1850
- Indian Removal, 1813-1903
- Indian agents
- Indiana -- Politics and government -- 19th century
- Indiana. Militia
- Indians of North America
- Jennings, Jonathan, 1784-1834
- Land contracts
- Logansport (Ind.)
- McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846
- Miami Indians
- Noble, Noah, 1794-1844
- Owen County (Ind.)
- Parke, Benjamin, 1777-1835
- Pepper, Abel C., 1793-1860
- Politics and government
- Posey, Thomas, 1750-1818
- Potawatomi Indians
- Pratt, Daniel D. (Daniel Darwin), 1813-1877
- Receipts (Acknowledgements)
- Richardville, Jean Baptiste, 1761-1841
- Robinson, Solon, 1803-1880
- Smith, Oliver H. (Oliver Hampton), 1794-1859
- Taber, Cyrus
- Tippecanoe, Battle of, Ind., 1811
- Tipton, John, 1786-1839
- Tipton, Spier Spencer, 1814-1847
- United States -- Politics and government --19th century
- United States. Congress. Senate.
- Whitcomb, James, 1795-1852
- John Tipton collection
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description