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John Herschel Lemon papers

 Collection — Folder: S0821
Identifier: S0821

Scope and Contents

This collection includes letters to Indiana State Library employees, a personal narrative, and a manuscript from John Herschel Lemon in Indiana ranging from 1921 to 1930 regarding the U.S. Civil War, military service with the 54th Indiana Regiment, and history about various political groups during the war, including Butternuts, Copperheads, Knights of the Golden Circle, Democrats, and Unionists.


  • 1857-1930

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Biographical Note

In 1844, Dr. John Herschel Lemon was born one mile southwest of Harrodsburg, Monroe County, Indiana, which is thirteen miles south of Bloomington. In 1830, his father organized a Cumberland Presbyterian Church in the new settlement of Harrodsburg. His grandfather, William Lemon, was an early sheriff in Clark County.

Lemon had four brothers, all of whom attended Indiana University, including William H., Alexander D., and Homer A. Lemon. At the age of 12, he moved with his family to Bloomington, Indiana and attended Indiana University in September 1857 at the age of thirteen. He lived in Bloomington until 1867. In that year, as a physician, he moved to New Albany. Lemon served with Company A of the 54th Indiana Regiment during the U.S. Civil War. In April 1929, he was Emeritus President of the Floyd County, Indiana Historical Society, in New Albany.


0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



This collection is arranged chronologically.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation.


No further additions are expected.

Item Listing

Aug. 8, 1921 Letter to Mr. Brown, Indiana State Librarian, handwritten on three pages, 5 ¼ x8 ½" paper, telling about the play entitled “Injun Count Twenty.”

1929 Addition to Co. A, 54th Ind. Reg. of 3-months service, reminiscences of the Civil War.

April 13, 1929 Nine-page typed pages given in a letter about Butternuts, Copperheads, Knights of the Golden Circle, Democrats and Unionists. On page 8, he gives the numbers 1-20 in the Wea Indian language, spelled phonetically.

March 16, 1930 Nine-page, handwritten letter to Miss Hester McMitt, Library of Indiana, on school lined paper, 8 x 9 ½ inches, tells about his early life and learning Indian lore from George Mitchel.

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2012/03 by Nikki Stoddard Schofield. EAD finding aid created 2012/03 by Nikki Stoddard Schofield. EAD finding aid revised 2018/05/31 by Brittany Kropf.
John Herschel Lemon papers
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.