Skip to main content

Powers Hapgood letter

 Collection — Folder: S0585
Identifier: S0585

Scope and Contents

This collection includes one letter by Powers Hapgood to a Mr. Fish dated November 30, 1930 regarding Communism.


  • 1930/11/30


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Biographical Note

Powers Hapgood (1899-1949), the son of William Powers Hapgood, was a union organizer born in Chicago, Illinois. He spent his childhood in Indianapolis, Indiana where he attended Shortridge High School. He graduated from Harvard University in 1921 and then worked as a coal miner in the several countries, including United States, England, France, Germany, and Siberia. Beginning in the 1920s, Hapgood was an active union organizer, administrator, and member of the United Mine Workers. He was often arrested and jailed for his participation in labor strikes and demonstration. Hapgood unsuccessfully opposed John L. Lewis for leadership of the United Mine Workers of America and was one of the three founders of the Committee of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1935. He served as the regional director in Indiana for the CIO from 1941 to 1948, when he became assistant to the national director of the CIO. Hapgood went to Boston in 1927 to assist in the unsuccessful campaign to save the anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti from prison and executions. There he met his future wife, Mary Donovan Hapgood, who was working in the defense of Sacco and Vanzetti. He was the Socialist Party's candidate for governor of Indiana in 1932, as was his wife in 1940.


Bodenhamer, David J. and Robert G. Barrows. "Hapgood, Powers." Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1994), 659.


0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



This collection consists of one item.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation from Mrs. Powers Hapgood.


No further additions are expected.

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2016/11/22 by Lauren Patton. EAD finding aid created 2016/11/22 by Lauren Patton.
Powers Hapgood letter
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.