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Henry C. Campbell diaries and papers

 Collection — Folder: S0210
Identifier: S0210

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of four booklets, typed pages, by Henry Campbell, and one hand-drawn map of the Battle of Mossy Creek.


  • 1862-1864


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Biographical Note

Henry C. Campbell was born in Vermillion County, Indiana, in 1845, to John Paxton and Mary Collett Campbell. John had a store in Crawfordsville. Henry attended Wabash College in Crawfordsville. With the help of Captain Eli Lilly, Henry enlisted as a bugler in July 1862 at the age of 17. He served with Eli Lilly’s 18th Indiana Light Artillery Battery. After the war, he was active in the G.A.R. and the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. He operated the Campbell Brothers dry goods store, after his father’s death. At the time of his death, July 22, 1915, Henry was vice president of the First National Bank, 101 South Washington, Crawfordsville. The 1912 city directory lists him with his wife Retta B., living at 201 South Grant Avenue, Crawfordsville.

Source: Montgomery… your county magazine, I 977,201 M787 mo. V. 6 #10, p. 7. Crawfordsville City Directory, Union Directory Co. 1912, I 910 C899Um p. 37.


0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



This collection is arranged chronologically.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation by Eli Lilly on 1938/08/11.


No further additions are expected.

Existence and Location of Originals

Original diaries are located at Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana.

Item Listing


“A Spirited Raid” by Henry Campbell, 18th Indiana Battery. The paper was read before a meeting of the Grand Army, Post No. 7, Crawfordsville, Indiana, at one of their regular meetings. This was the 18th Indiana’s first experience south of the Ohio River. The soldiers raided a private wine cellar and carried the liquor to camp, where they gave “a mass of bottles, demijohns, jugs and even camp kettles” to their captain. The next day, a sober ambulance driver took three loads back to the cellar. The value of whiskey and wines stolen was estimated by the owner to be worth $3,000.


“Battle of Hoovers Gap, June 24, 1863.” Purple-covered booklet, 34 typed pages, about the battle between Wilders Brigade of Mounted Infantry with the 18th Indiana Battery, all of Reynolds Division, and Thomas’s Corps, Army of the Cumberland, commanded by John T. Wilder, on the Union side, and General Wm. B. Bates and General Bushrod Johnson’s Brigades of Stewart’s Division, with the Jefferson Battery, and Eufaula Batter, on the Confederate side. One drawing opposite page 18 “Profile of Hill” shows a cannon on a hillside. Page 33 lists commanders of Northern forces, and page 34 lists commanders of Southern forces.


“A Reminiscence of the War” regarding that “Cold New Year’s Day,” January 1, 1864, Gray paper-covered booklet, 20 pages, about Mr. Dumont Kennedy, clerk of the Montgomery Circuit Court, who enjoyed listening to stories of the Civil War. One of the veterans told the story of activity in Knoxville. He told about making “iron clad flap jacks,” made with flour, water, and salt fried in sow belly grease. There were rumors of poison in the wheat. It was called “sick wheat.” A house caught fire while the men slept, and when Henry woke up Captain Eli Lilly to see it, the captain looked around, saw his guns and horses were out of danger, said “let her burn,” and went back to sleep. “It was about as sorry a New Years Day as you ever saw.”

circa 1864

Mossy Creek battle, with 8 sections listed on front cover, and totaling 20 pages. The booklet is not bound. On page 12, Henry states: “Gen. McCook ordered Capt. Lilly to retire the Battery to the next hill in our read, and this was being done while I had gone for water.” Total loss to the Union side was 109 men killed and wounded. Major Gen. Martin commended the Confederates against Col. E. M. McCook, commanding Henry’s division.

Processing Information

Collection processing and finding aid completed by Nikki Stoddard Schofield during October 2011. EAD finding aid completed by Bethany Fiechter on 2018/05/11.
Henry C. Campbell diaries and papers
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.