Skip to main content

Indiana Civilian Conservation Corps camp map

 File — Folder: OBC152
Identifier: OBC152

Scope and Contents

This collection includes one hand-drawn map of the Indiana Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Angola, Indiana created by Lieutenant Carl A. Vollrath, circa 1941.


  • 1941


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Administrative History

Formed in March 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was one of the first New Deal programs. It was a public works project intended to promote environmental conservation and to build good citizens through vigorous, disciplined outdoor labor. Close to the heart of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the CCC combined his interests in conservation and universal service for youth. He believed that this civilian "tree army" would relieve the rural unemployed and keep youth "off the city street corners."

The CCC operated under the army's control. Camp commanders had disciplinary powers and corpsmen were required to address superiors as “sir.” By September 1935, over 500,000 young men had lived in CCC camps, most staying from six months to a year. The work focused on soil conservation and reforestation. Most important, the men planted millions of trees on land made barren from fires, natural erosion, or lumbering—in fact, the CCC was responsible for over half the reforestation, public and private, done in the nation's history. Corpsmen also dug canals and ditches, built over thirty thousand wildlife shelters, stocked rivers and lakes with nearly a billion fish, restored historic battlefields, and cleared beaches and campgrounds. Although professing a nondiscriminatory policy, the CCC failed to give a fair share of work to [African-Americans], especially in the South where local selection agents held sway. But in spite of rigid segregation and hiring quotas, black participation reached 10 percent by 1936. In all, nearly 3 million young men participated in the CCC. The army's experience in managing such large numbers and the paramilitary discipline learned by corpsmen provided unexpected preparation for the massive call-up of civilians in World War II.

Excerpt taken from: History Channel. "Civilian Conservation Corps." Accessed September 16, 2013.


0.06 Cubic Feet (1 large oversize folder)

Language of Materials



This collection consists of one item.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a records transfer from the permanent clippings file of the Indiana Division.


No further additions are expected.

Related Archival Material

Materials relating to this collection may be found in the following collections in Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN:

S1499: Indiana Civilian Conservation Corps camps collection

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2017/04/24 by Lauren Patton. EAD finding aid created 2017/04/24 by Lauren Patton.
Indiana Civilian Conservation Corps Camp map
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.