Central State Hospital architectural drawings
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Hospital superintendent Dr. George F. Edenharter (1857-1923) added the much-lauded Pathology Building in 1896 for the purpose of researching causes and treatments of mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia (or dementia praecox), depression (melancholia), general paresis, hysteria, alcoholism, senile dementia, and epilepsy. Dr. Edenharter worked with famed-architect Adolph Scherrer (1847-1925) to design the Pathology Building. In the 1960s, the Pathology Department closed and the building reopened as the Indiana Medical History Museum in 1969. The nation’s oldest surviving facility of its kind, the Old Pathology Building holds an amphitheater; laboratories for bacteriology, clinical chemistry, histology, and photography, an autopsy room, and an anatomical museum, while the building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Completed in 1902, he Sick Hospital comprised 5 distinct buildings connected by corridors. The administrative and medical treatment portions were centrally located, with the men's ward and women's ward, to the right and left. These gender-segregated wards contained surgical wards on the first floor and medical wards on the second floor, each ward consisting of a day sitting room, and 10 separate bedrooms; a nurses' day room, clothing room, supply rooms, lavatory and bathrooms for patients and separate attendants. The nuclear section housed the operating department on first floor, in direct communication with male and female surgical wards, consisting of an operating room for general diagnosis and instruments room for sterilizing nearby. The buiding was demolished during the 1960s.
By the turn of the 20th century, the patient population had grown to nearly 3,000. During the 1960s and 1970s, the number of patients diminished as the push for deinstitutionalization began in the mental health field. Governor Evan Bayh closed the facility on West Washington Street in 1994, following allegations of patient abuse and chronic funding issues. There were only 300 patients at the time of closing.
Items in the colleciton.
Indiana Archives and Records Administraiton. "Introduction." Central State Hospital Collection Index. Accessed August 12, 2015. http://www.in.gov/iara/2653.htm.
Indiana Medical History Museum. "About the Indiana Medical History Museum." Accessed August 12, 2015. http://www.imhm.org/page-403598.
Ksander, Yael. "Central State Hospital." Moment of Indiana History. Accessed August 12, 2015. http://indianapublicmedia.org/momentofindianahistory/central-state-hospital.
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