Skip to main content

Miami and Eel River Indians annuity payrolls

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: OBC066

Scope and Contents

This collection contains photostat copies of documents from the National Archives regarding annuity payments received by the Eel River Indians (1889), the Western Miami living in Kansas (1891), and the Indiana Miami (1895). The collection also includes a photostat copy of a payroll for individuals who were originally excluded, but later added to the tribal rolls in response to the June 12, 1858 appropriation act (1859).


  • 1859-1895

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Legal title, copyright, and literary rights reside with Rare Books and Manuscripts, Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN. All requests to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted to Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Biographical / Historical

The Miami Indians settled in Indiana more than one hundred years before it became a territory in 1800. The Eel River Indians were a small tribe culturally related to the Miami, but who maintained a separate legal status. As American settlers moved into Indiana, several treaties with the United States forced Native Americans to give up their land and move west of the Mississippi. Only a small portion of the Miami were excluded from the removal, including the families of Francis Slocum and chiefs Richardville, Godfroy, and Meshingomesia. A June 5, 1854 treaty recognized the Indiana Miami as a separate tribal government from the Kansas Miami or “Western Miami.” The treaty specified how the remaining payments of the annuity would be divided among the two nations and that payments would only be made to individuals approved by the tribal council to be on the tribal rolls. A few years later, Congress broke the treaty when it approved an appropriations act on June 12, 1958 that authorized the Secretary of the Interior to back pay annuities to “such persons of Miami blood” who were excluded from the tribal rolls. Years later, other appropriation acts were signed, including one on June 29, 1888 that authorized full payment to the Eel River, and two signed on March 3, 1891 and March 2, 1895 that authorized repayment to the Miami of tribal funds taken and paid to others in violation of the 1854 treaty.


Information found within collection.

Glenn, Elizabeth and Stewart Rafert. The Native Americans. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society Press, 2009.

Kappler, Charles J. ed. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties Vol. II. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

Library of Congress. “Statutes at Large.” Law Library of Congress. Accessed March 7, 2019.

Miami County Museum. “Miami County History.” Accessed March 4, 2019.


0.01 Cubic Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



This collection is arranged chronologically.

Custodial History

This collection was received by Rare Books and Manuscripts as a donation from Sam Cline on 1965/06/23.


No further additions are expected.

Processing Information

Collection processing completed 2019/03/08 by Laura Eliason. EAD finding aid created 2019/03/08 by Laura Eliason.
Miami and Eel River Indians annuity payrolls
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Rare Books and Manuscripts Repository

140 North Senate Avenue
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 U.S.A.